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EcoAction is an Environment Canada funding program which supports projects that protect, rehabilitate or enhance the natural environment, and build the capacity of communities to sustain activities into the future.

For more detailed information on funding criteria and application procedure, visit:


Or contact:

Environment Canada - Ontario Region

4905 Dufferin St.
Downsview ON M3H 5T4

(416) 739-4734

email: ecoaction.on@ec.gc.ca

Ontario Trillium Foundation:
The Trillium Foundation is an arm's-length organization under the Ministry of Citizenship, Culture and Recreation. Through the grants program, it encourages innovation and experimentation, cross-sectoral collaboration, citizen participation, and systemic change. Its focus is on building healthy, sustainable, and caring communities, and it supports the role that arts, culture, recreation, sports, the environment and social services play in the creation of vibrant communities.

For more information on funding guidelines and assessment criteria, please go to:


Or, contact:

The Ontario Trillium Foundation,
45 Charles Street East, 5th Floor,
Toronto ON M4Y 1S2

Tel: 416-963-4927/1-800-263-2887
Fax: 416-963-8781

Email: trillium@trilliumfoundation.org
TTY: 416-963-7905

Ministry of Natural Resources of Ontario

For information on provincial programmes, please visit: http://mnr.gov.on.ca/MNR/

For inquiries on issues related to the eastern massasauga rattlesnake, contact:

Ministry of Natural Resources (Head Office)
P.O. Box 7000
300 Water St.
Peterborough ON K9J 8M5
Ministry of Natural Resources (Parry Sound)
7 Bay Street
Parry Sound ON P2A 1S4
(705) 746-4201
Ministry of Natural Resources (Owen Sound)
1450 7th Avenue East
Owen Sound ON N4K 3E4
(519) 376-3860

Wildlife Habitat Canada -- Ontario Wetland Habitat Fund

In August 1997 Wildlife Habitat Canada launched the Ontario Wetland Habitat Fund in partnership with the Province of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources). This partnership initiative provides financial and technical assistance to landowners who undertake projects to improve the ecological integrity of wetland habitats on their property. Landowners must have a conservation plan with clear objectives for their property in order to be eligible to receive funding for up to 50 % of the project cost, to a maximum of $5,000.

For more information, please visit their website:


Or, contact:

Wildlife Habitat Canada
7 Hinton Avenue North, Suite 200
Ottawa, ON K1Y 4P1

Telephone: (613) 722-2090
Fax: (613) 722-3318
Email: reception@whc.org

Land Care Niagara -- Technical and Financial Support Program:
The Council aims to promote and enhance responsible land use practices and cooperation through: 1) encouraging awareness of the range of values in the community; 2) minimizing conflicts through information and communication; 3) educating and providing the best information on responsible land management; and 4) creating partnerships between landowners/landusers/agencies/business and interest groups. Private landowners can apply for financial assistance for action-orientated projects that promotes wise land management.

For more information about the council and contacts, please go to:


Or contact: Michael Rose
Land Care ­ Niagara
491 Canboro Road
Box 96 Ridgeville, ON L0S 1M0

Tel: 905-892-5987
Fax: 905-892-3134
E-mail: lcn@niagara.com

Ontario Heritage Foundation -- Natural Heritage Program:
The Foundation helps to ensure that Ontario's wetlands, woodlands, grasslands and geological land formations remain a part of our future. It acquires natural heritage properties and conservation easements through donation as well as purchase. Protected land includes the habitats of endangered species, rare Carolinian forests, wetlands, sensitive features of the Oak Ridges Moraine, nature reserves on the Canadian Shield, and the spectacular Niagara Escarpment.

For information please visit their website:

Or contact:

Ontario Heritage Foundation
10 Adelaide Street East
Toronto, Ontario M5C 1J3

Telephone: 416-325-5000
Fax: 416-325-5071

Heritage Programs Branch
Tel: (416) 325-5000
Fax: (416) 325-5071
E-mail: programs@heritagefdn.on.ca

Nature Conservancy of Canada:
The single largest threat to Canada’s endangered species is the loss of their habitat. Protecting habitat and biological diversity through direct action is the principal focus of the organization. The Conservancy uses a number of techniques to protect natural areas, including: buying land; accepting land donations; joint purchases with other conservation groups; and negotiating conservation agreements (which allow owners to retain title and use of the land, while ensuring its protection from development).

For more information, go to: http://www.natureconservancy.ca

Or contact:

Nature Conservancy of Canada
110 Eglinton Avenue West, Suite 400
Toronto, Ontario M4R 1A3
Tel.: (416) 932-3202
Fax: (416) 932-3208
Toll-free: 1-800-465-0029
Email: nature@natureconservancy.ca

Toronto Zoo Adopt-A-Pond Program:
Recognizing that over 75 percent of Ontario's wetlands have been destroyed due to drainage for agriculture or development, the Toronto Zoo started a program that involves local communities and schools in the protection and restoration of existing wetlands, as well as the creation of new wetland habitats. They are working towards a goal of having each of Ontario's 5,000 schools adopt a wetland for the monitoring and studying of amphibians (and other wildlife sharing the same habitats).

For more information on this program, please go to: http://eqb-dqe.cciw.ca/partners/adoptapond/urbanoutback/toc.html

For information concerning the eastern massasauga rattlesnake, please contact:

Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles
Toronto Zoo
361-A Old Finch Ave.
Scarborough ON M1B 5K7

Organizations to contact regarding the eastern massasauga rattlesnake or conservation issues in general:

Canadian Nature Federation
Suite 606 - 1 Nicholas Street
Ottawa ON K1N 7B7
Tel.: (613) 562-3447
(Toll-free) 1-800-267-4088
email: cnf@cnf.ca
website: http://www.cnf.ca/


Canadian Wildlife Federation
350 Michael Cowpland Drive
Kanata, Ontario K2M 2W1
(613) 599-9594 (Ottawa Area)
Fax:(613) 599-4428
E-mail: info@cwf-fcf.org
website: http://www.cwf-fcf.org

Canadian Wildlife Service
c/o Environment Canada
St. Joseph Blvd.
Ottawa ON K1A 0H3
Tel.: (819) 997-1095
Fax: (819) 997-2756
website: http://www.cws-scf.ec.gc.ca/cwshom_e.html

For information and links to other sites on land stewardship and habitat conservation and protection issues in particular, go to: http://www.cws-scf.ec.gc.ca/th03_e.cfm

Federation of Ontario Naturalists
355 Lesmill Rd.
Don Mills ON M3B 2W8
Tel: (416) 444-8419
Fax: (416) 444-9866
Toll free (within Ontario): 1-800-440-2366
E-mail: info@ontarionature.org
website: http://www.ontarionature.org/

And, for information on land trusts, visit also: http://www.ontarionature.org/enviroandcons/onta.html (Ontario Nature Trust Alliance)

Ojibway Nature Centre
5200 Matchette Road
Windsor ON N9C 4E8
(519) 966-5852
Fax: (519)966-9658
Email: ojibway@city.windsor.on.ca
website: www.ojibway.ca

  Also: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC)
c/o Canadian Wildlife Service
Environment Canada
Ottawa ON K1A 0H3


Ducks Unlimited Canada (Head Office)
Oak Hammock Marsh Conservation Centre
P.O. Box 1160
Stonewall MB R0C 2Z0
Fax: (204) 467-9028
email: webfoot@ducks.ca

In Barrie: 566 Welham Rd.
Barrie ON L4N 8Z7

Georgian Bay Islands National Park
P.O. Box 28
Honey Harbour ON P0E 1E0
(705) 756-3886
Bruce Peninsula National Park
P.O.Box 189
Tobermory ON N0H 2R0
(519) 596-2233
Grundy Lake Provincial Park
R.R. 1
Britt ON P0G 1A0
(705) 383-2286
Killbear Provincial Park
P.O. Box 71
Nobel ON P0G 1G0
(705) 342-5492

World Wildlife Fund
245 Eglinton Ave. East, Suite 410
Toronto, ON M4P 3J1
Phone: 1-800-26-PANDA
In the Toronto area: (416) 489-8800
Fax: (416) 489-8055
website: http://www.wwfcanada.org/en/default.asp

Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
250 Thorld Rd. W., 3rd Floor
Welland ON L3C 3W2
Tel.: (905) 788-3135
Fax: (905) 788-1121
website: http://www.conservation-niagara.on.ca/

And, in particular, for information on conservation efforts at Wainfleet Bog: http://www.conservation-niagara.on.ca/conservation-areas/WainfleetBog.html

Educational information about the eastern massasauga for landowners:
Gibbons, J.W. How dangerous are venomous snakes in America?
Gibbons, J.W. Giving advice about rattlesnakes is not easy.
Metro Toronto Zoo. Reptile and Amphibian Research. 1p.

New York State department of Environmental Conservation. 1998. Eastern massasauga fact sheet.
Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority. 2000. The Wainfleet Bog and the eastern massasauga rattlesnake. Conservation Niagara, spring/summer 2000.
Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority. New Initiatives: Wainfleet Bog Ecological Restoration at the Wainfleet Bog Conservation Area.
Ohio Division of Wildlife. Life History Note: eastern massasauga rattlesnake.
Ojibway Nature Centre. Eastern massasauga rattlesnake and eastern fox snake: know the difference. Department of Parks and Recreation, Windsor, Ontario.
Ontario Ministry of Health. 1984. Rattlesnakes in Ontario./Le serpent à sonnettes en Ontario. Toronto, Ontario. 1p.
Pratt, P.D. 2001. eastern massasauga rattlesnake. Ojibway Nature Centre Home Page. Department of Parks and Recreation, Windsor, Ontario.
Prior, K.A. 2000. La legende de deux reptiles: conservation de la couleuvre obscure et du crotale massasauga.
Prior, K.A. 1999. Snake conservation a slippery feat. Science and the Environment Bulletin.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1999. Eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) fact sheet.
U.S. fish and wildlife Service. 1999. Eastern massasauga rattlesnake: Why conserve a poisonous snake?
Wisconsin department of Natural Resources. 1999. Massasauga rattlesnake, eastern.

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