Wainfleet Bog, near Port Colborne, is one of
the few acidic bogs left in Southern Ontario. Many rare species inhabit
the bog, including one of the smallest and least studied populations of
the eastern massasauga rattlesnake.
Wainfleet Bog is 1,200 hectares. The bog is
a remnant of a much larger wetland complex but has been reduced to only
about 6 percent of its original size.
This varied habitat supports a unique mix of
plant and animal communities that depend on the bog for survival.
The Wainfleet Bog’s wetlands include wet
treed hardwood swamp,
dense tall shrubs, drier hummocky low shrub, and moss habitats. Bog
plant species such as leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata),
pitcher-plant (Sarracenia purpurea) and labrador tea (Ledum
groenlandicum) occur here, along with many rare animal species.
Not only does Wainfleet Bog contain
populations of rare and threatened plants and wildlife, it is also a
source of water, and aids in flood control. Various hiking trails allow
one to explore the bog, its wildlife and the surrounding area.
Wainfleet Bog, near Port Colborne.