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  • Community awareness through workshops
  • Volunteer programs
  • Landowner habitat maintenance and enhancement


Water levels are being restored in some
areas of the Wainfleet Bog.


The recovery efforts are proving beneficial. Water levels are being restored in some areas, allowing natural regeneration of bog plant species and the replenishment of natural soil moisture.

Landowner contact, workshops, media coverage, and newsletters are helping educate the public about this area and the massasauga rattlesnake.

Volunteers are participating in large, structured snake sighting surveys, helping biologists survey the massasauga.

Wildlife biologists have implanted snakes with radio transmitters, so that recovery team members can follow the snakes’ movements and come to better understand its needs and habits in the area.

Information on snake movements is being used for habitat enhancement, habitat protection, and other activities in the bog.


There are many things you can do to make your property conducive to snakes:

1. Create or maintain natural habitat

2. Report your rattlesnake sightings

3. Be a supporting farm or property owner

4. Learn more about Wainfleet’s wildlife


Natural bog habitat may still be present in your area. Since habitat loss is one of the greatest threats facing Wainfleet’s wildlife, a part of your property could be set aside as a safe haven for many bog species. You can create cover by establishing brush piles, rocks, logs, long grass, and leaf litter. These habitat features will attract snakes, amphibian species, and even small mammals.

Planting bog species on your property is a good start toward recovering and maintaining a natural community. Contact Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority (NPCA) office at (905) 788-3135 ext.241 to work out a joint habitat restoration plan. Removing invasive exotic plants will also help by giving native species room to grow. Information on seeds, plant types, and naturally recovered areas is available through Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority at: (905) 788-3135 ext.241 or the Federation of Ontario Naturalists at: (416) 444-8419.

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